The heads of state of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan, met on June 15, 2001, to jointly issue the Declaration on the Establishment of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The six states:
The SCO member states vow to strictly abide by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, mutually respect independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, not interfere in each other’s internal affairs, not use or threaten to use force against each other, adhere to equality and mutual benefit, resolve all problems through mutual consultations and not seek unilateral military superiority in contiguous regions.
The areas of cooperation among the SCO states have increased from confidence-building in the military sphere and border security as agreed to in the two agreements in Shanghai and Moscow in 1996 and 1997 respectively, to political, economic, regional security, trade, cultural, scientific and technological spheres.
Though SCO is ready to develop various forms of dialogue, exchanges and cooperation with other countries, international and regional organizations, it also adheres to the principle of non-alignment, does not target any other country or region, and is open to the outside.